Today, in 1752, Muzio Clementi Italian pianist and composer was born.
More information about Clementi
Clementi was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Born in Rome, he spent most of his life in England.
Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. Later, he toured Europe numerous times from his long-time base in London. It was on one of these occasions in 1781 that he engaged in a piano competition with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Influenced by Domenico Scarlatti’s harpsichord school and Haydn’s classical school and by the stile galante of Johann Christian Bach and Ignazio Cirri, Clementi developed a fluent and technical legato style, which he passed on to a generation of pianists, including John Field, Johann Baptist Cramer, Ignaz Moscheles, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Friedrich Kalkbrenner, Johann Nepomuk Hummel and Carl Czerny. He was a notable influence on Ludwig van Beethoven.
His student John Field would become a major influence on Frédéric Chopin
In 1802, Clementi and Field embarked on a European tour together. They went to Paris, Vienna and St. Petersburg.
John Field adopted the French word nocturne, meaning “of the night” and became the first composer to use this term in music. He wrote a series of short studies for solo piano which had a gently romantic late-night feeling about them.
Chopin soon took up this idea and wrote 21 nocturnes.
Compare: Field’s Nocturne No. 5 in B flat major
Chopin’s Nocturne E Flat Major Op.9 No.2 played by Valentina Lisitsa
Today, in 1837, Clementi’s student John Field died. Field was an Irish pianist, composer, and teacher. He was very highly regarded by his contemporaries and his playing and compositions influenced many major composers, including Frédéric Chopin, Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann, and Franz Liszt.