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a1, equal to 440 vibrations per second, in unanimously adopted as the standard pitch.
Absolute music. Music which is inspired by itself rather than extramusical implications such as the stories legends of “program” music.
> placed above a note to indicate stress or emphasis.
A short appogiatura or grace note sounded simulatneously with the following note.
A vocal or instrument part that supports or is background for a solo part.
Very slow and sustained, as if being sung.
Agitated; with excitement.
Al, all’, alla, alle
To; used with other words, e.g. al Fine (to the end).
A full length recording. In pop music, it contains a number of songs.
“To the coda.”
Aleatory, or aleatoric music
Chance music in which the performers are free to perform their own material and/or their own manner of presentation.
To the end.
Cut time; meter in which there are two beats in each measure and a half note receives one beat.
Slowing of tempo, usually with increasing volume; most frequently occurs toward the end of a piece.
Slower than allegro.
Quick tempo; cheerful.
Return to the sign, Dal segno.
The raising or lowering of a note by means of an accidental.
Slightly faster than andante.
To nothing, e.g. to ppp.
Freedom in performance. Synonymous with ad libitum.
An adaption of a composition.
Return to the previous tempo.
Lacking a tonal center.
Compositional technique in which a melodic line is repeated in longer note values. The opposite of diminution.
The term for a major or perfect interval which has been enlarged by one half-step, e.g. c-g , (an augmented fifth,) or c-d , (an augmented second). Also used for a triad with an augmented fifth, e.g. the augmented tonic triad in C major, C+, c-e-g.